The world of dentures is quickly evolving, and there are several different types of dentures available to patients: partial, full, traditional, and implant supported dentures. Patients can lose their teeth due to decay, periodontal disease, or injuries. The result is that the patient is left with several or all of their teeth missing which affects their eating and digestion. Your dentist can help you decide which option is best for your unique lifestyle. In the meantime, here's a closer look at the options.
Types of Dentures
Patients can have a partial denture if they are only missing a few teeth, or a full denture if they are missing all their teeth. The full dentures can be either traditional ones where they solely rely on the retentiveness of the jaw bone, or can be implant retained and will use the implants as their retention source.
Traditional partial or full dentures are removable appliances for people that are missing some or all of their teeth. If the patient is missing several but not all of their teeth, partial dentures are used to restore the missing teeth. If the patient is missing all of their teeth, a full denture is the appliance of choice. These dentures are removable and are not usually as retentive as denture implants.
Conventional dentures stay in the mouth by hanging on to the bony ridge that previously used to anchor the teeth. Unfortunately, however, when a patient loses their teeth, the bony ridge atrophies and shrinks severely which can present a severe retention problem and being able to hold the dentures in. As a result, in recent years, denture implants, such as hybrid dentures, have become the standard of choice.
Implant retained dentures are a different type of dentures that can either hold a traditional denture into a bar that is retained by implants, implants that snap into dentures, or dentures that look like a full arch bridge and are fully screwed in with several implants to hold the prosthesis into the jaw bone.
As the jaw bone loses height and width due to teeth loss, traditional denture retentiveness gets challenging. Implant dentures become the best option if the patient’s health allows the placement of implants. There are several types of denture implants such as overdenture and implant retained dentures.
Hybrid dentures are dentures that are screwed into the patient's jawbone. The exact number of implants can vary based on the patient’s unique situation. This setup creates a much more natural feeling due to a much stronger retention. As a result, patients are able to eat and speak much better and the quality of life drastically changes since the hybrid dentures tend to mimic the natural teeth better than a removable conventional denture does. These dentures don’t come out and a professional cleaning is necessary once or ideally twice a year to unscrew the implants and clean the prosthesis.
The treating dentist or oral surgeon places a few or several implants in the patients jaw bones depending on the course and plan of treatment. The bone actually ossifies around this post making a connection that can last a lifetime.
Overdenture is a type of full denture that will be snapping directly or indirectly via a metal bar to a few implants in the jaw bone. A hybrid denture on the other hand is a prosthesis that look like a long bridge and will be screwed in permanently into the jaw bone. This creates the look that you have a permanent mouthful of natural, healthy teeth, and because everything is permanently implanted into place, most patients also feel like they have their natural teeth back in place. This type of denture can’t be removed to be cleaned and the cleaning must be professionally done by the dentist.
To learn more, contact us directly. Buckhead Cosmetic and Family Dentistry is a new cosmetic dentist in the Buckhead area of Atlanta, GA.