There are two major diseases that can affect the periodontia, or the gums. The milder one is gingivitis and the more advanced one is periodontitis. Gum disease is mainly due to poor oral hygiene and the byproduct of the bacteria that produce toxins and create an imbalanced oral health.

What Is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is the least aggressive version of gum disease. A poor oral health condition contributes to this disease and subsequently results in red, swollen, and bleeding gums when brushing or flossing. This condition can be reversed and if goes untreated can lead to periodontitis which is a much more aggressive form of gum disease.  Research indicates that nearly half of all people over the age of 40 and roughly two-thirds of people over the age of 65 suffer from this.

There are several factors and conditions that can contribute and cause gingivitis such as systemic health conditions, medications, genetic factors, hormonal imbalances and puberty, and several other factors.

What Is Periodontitis?

The more aggressive condition that affects the gums is periodontitis. This can be categorized as mild, moderate, severe, or advanced depending on the severity of the condition of the gums. When disregarding the treatment of gingivitis, the next issue that will surface is periodontitis. The accumulations of plaque on the teeth, irritating and bleeding of the gums, and spreading plaque to under the gum line are the steps to formation of periodontitis. The plaque will create toxic byproducts under the gums that eventually trigger an inflammatory response from the body, destroying gums and bones around the teeth. As the periodontitis advances, the gums around the teeth separate further and create large pockets. As these go untreated, the pockets get larger and the inflammation causes the bone loss around the teeth leading to mobility of the teeth followed by loss of teeth. There is chorionic and aggressive periodontitis.

How Can You Prevent Gum Disease?

Accumulations of the toxin producing bacteria that causes the inflammation of the gums and breaking down of the gums and bone is the main cause of periodontitis. To keep the issue at bay, you need to focus on brushing and flossing, getting regular dental cleanings, and maintaining good oral health. There are several factors that can contribute to getting gum disease. Also, be aware that you may have a heightened risk of gum disease if you are a smoker or have diabetes, HIV, AIDS, or a family history of gum disease.

How to Treat Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a reversible form of gum disease that can be treated by eliminating the source such as getting a cleaning to have the accumulated plaque on the teeth removed and creating a more balanced oral health. If the gingivitis is caused by non-plaque issues such as hormonal imbalances during puberty or even pregnancy or when on a specific mediation, with the termination of the condition other discontinuation of the medication along with maintaining good oral health, the condition will slowly reverse.

How to Treat Periodontitis?

This more aggressive from of gum disease can affect your gums in different level such a mild, moderate and severe. In all the above levels there has to be manual removal of the toxin producing bacteria by using scaling and root planing to clean under the gum line and make sure the bacteria that has invaded the gums and gone under the gum line will be manually removed. In some cases, oral and even local antibiotics can be recommended to be taken or placed in the gum pockets that have pulled away from the teeth or the bone that holds the teeth. As this condition gets more advanced, there may be periodontal surgery or other modes of treatment recommended to restore some of the gum loss. If these conditions go untreated, it can create excessive mobility of the teeth due to severe bone loss and ultimately can cause teeth loss.

If you have red, swollen, and bleeding gums when brushing or flossing, Buckhead Cosmetic and Family Dentistry will take care of your dental needs. Give us a call today and schedule an appointment at 404-400-0400 or contact us online. We look forward to meeting you.